We sometimes get confused by all the opinions and advise we get about the ideal weather conditions for fishing. I came across an interesting article on the internet about weather conditions when you fish for carp. This article describes the basic things to look out for when planning a trip or when you are at the water.
The weather will influence temperature, wind direction, wind strength, air pressure and oxygen concentrations within the water. The state of these conditions will affect the location, as well as how and when carp feed. A sudden change in weather can affect normal feeding patterns and cause us to find new areas to target carp.
The direction of the wind can have a big impact on where and how far to fish for carp. The strength of the wind is also important. It has been said that the stronger the wind blows the better the carp bite. In stronger winds a lot more food particle are pushed around by the undertow currents. The disbursement of the particles are also affected by the amount of structure in the water like grass, rocks, dead trees, etc.
I also read that a strong wind can push the thermo cline layer further down towards the bottom. Because carp will often follow the warmer layers of the water, a strong wind helps push more carp to the bottom and therefore closer to angler’s bait.
I think one of the biggest influences for a carp to feed is the warmth of the water. The more the water temperature drops the more they tend to slow down and prefer to shoal up in warmer areas or any thermal layers present in the water. I believe the opposite is true as well. The wormer it is the more slugging the fish become.
The temperature of the air and water will have a major impact on the location and possible feeding of carp. Air temperature will have an eventual effect on the temperature of the water, so for this reason they are related to some degree and can affect how the carp will behave. If the weather suddenly goes cold it doesn’t necessarily mean the water temperature will immediately drop. The air temperature will often have to stabilize and remain cold for a few days in order for it to transpose through to the entire water depths. Therefore, the deeper a dam the more time it takes to change the water temperature.
Carp love to be warm so they’ll generally seek out the warmer thermal layers of the dam. Thermal layers will be present in most dams, especially the deeper, high water volume dams. The depths of these thermal layers will also vary depending on the depth of the water and the temperature of the air. It seems carp often head for shallow areas that receive direct sunlight, even if there are thermal layers within the dam at conditions like a cold winters morning.
Air pressure is an important point to consider when thinking about fishing for carp. The air pressure will ultimately affect the level of oxygen in the water. Carp need oxygen to function properly, including searching for food. If the water oxygen levels are low carp tend to become sluggish and lazy, it’s like they cannot get enough energy to feed. High pressure usually means a warm spell which doesn’t replace enough oxygen that is being used up by fish, plants, etc. Low pressure often means wind and rain, which will oxygenate the water. This is why it’s much better to fish for carp on days when air pressure is low. I believe the best time to head to the water is when the pressure drops. It’s worth being a little cold and wet if it means a greater chance of catching bigger carp. Look for an air pressure reading below 1000mb as this is considered low pressure. A reading above 1010mb is considered high air pressure.
The air pressure will ultimately affect the depth at which the carp will be. I once heard a famous carp angler state that, generally, in high pressure carp tend to be higher up in the water, and low down on the bottom during periods of low pressure. This is an interesting point as it gives us a general idea about location. Many carp fishermen don’t think about locating the depth of water carp may be holding up in. Most of us stick to bottom baits on hot summer’s days, and then wonder why they aren’t catching. If we can understand why carp are located in different areas then we can adapt our tactics to achieve a better catch rate.
It’s important to consider the wind, air pressure, and temperature and oxygen levels as they are inter-related. Constant conditions for a few days could be the key to a successful fishing trip.
Your fishing buddyInfo from “Carp-fishing-tactics.com”